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Kindergarten Readiness: Preparing Students for Foundational Learning

Kindergarten Readiness: Preparing Students for Foundational Learning

As schools prepare to shut their doors for the summer and say goodbye to students for a two-month hiatus, one group of bright-eyed little ones is just getting started. Enter the four- and five-year-olds whose parents are preparing them for their first formal academic experience—kindergarten.

At schools across the country, kindergarten educators are already contemplating what their new classroom of students will bring. While some children will enter school already able to write their names and identify letters of the alphabet, others will just be learning how to sit nicely in a chair or cooperate with other students of the same age. In reality, very few children are equally competent in all areas, and these diverse levels of readiness present an interesting challenge for educators.

Come September, kindergarten teachers will be benchmarking student learning—sometimes, just through careful observation and, in other cases, through more formal assessment. Some preschools also test students for kindergarten readiness before the end of preschool. While no single factor determines whether a child is ready to start school, there are a few key areas to consider. Teachers of this grade are looking to determine if students are prepared physically, socially, and cognitively.

As you assess young students, begin discussions with parents, and start to plan your curriculum for the next school year, consider the following criteria for kindergarten readiness with some of the key milestones for each category:

Social Foundations

  • Do students get along well with others? Are they able to share and take turns?
  • Can students express their feelings verbally and tell an adult if something is wrong?

Attention and Following Directions

  • Can students focus on activities for designated periods of time—such as paying attention through a read-aloud or short period of instruction?
  • Can students follow simple procedural instructions for things such as lining up, gathering belongings, or assembling materials for an activity?

Motor Development

  • Can students hold a pencil or crayon? Cut with scissors?
  • Can students button their pants, tie their shoes, and use the bathroom independently?

Language and Literacy

  • Do students show an interest in books? Do they try to “read” a book by telling a story based on the pictures?
  • Are students able to hold a book correctly? Turn the pages in sequence? Understand that words on a page move from top to bottom and left to right?


  • Can students begin to identify shapes? Do they sort like objects by size or color?
  • Can students count to 10 aloud? Do they recognize numbers in the environment?

Leverage this list (plus your own teaching insights) to ensure that you’re thinking about all of the skills necessary for your budding kindergartners to become successful students. A little attention to readiness in May or June can go a long way to making sure that, in August and September, you can hit the ground running.

Take advantage of the critical summer months ahead to give students the best chance at kindergarten success. Explore our online learn-to-read program, Reading Eggs, and get a jump on learning starting now. Beginning at an absolute emergent level, Reading Eggs makes learning an interactive game using rich animation, friendly characters, and short activities focused on building essential phonemic awareness and phonics skills.

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Madison Michell

Madison Michell has been a member of the Edmentum team since 2014 and currently serves as a Marketing Manager. As a former Kindergarten and 3rd grade teacher during her time as a Teach For America corps member, she believes education truly has the power to transform lives. She is passionate about connecting educators with online programs, best practices, and research that improve teaching and learning for today's students.